What Is the Data Protection Act?

by Darcy Logan

The Data Protection Act was passed in 1998 by the British Parliament. It was designed to protect people's personal information. It applies mainly to those who collect personal information for purposes other than domestic use. It is enforced by the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO).

Time Frame

Personal information cannot be kept any longer than is necessary and may only be used for the reason it was collected.

Releasing Information

Information cannot be released without authorization or in compliance with the law, nor can it be transmitted outside the "European Economic Area" without consent and protection.


Under the Act, data controllers must register with the ICO if they process personal information.


Other than a few exceptions, People have the right to access what information others have about them.


Anyone holding personal data about individuals must use the proper security measures to protect the information.


People have the right to correct inaccurate facts collected, but not opinions.

About the Author

Darcy Logan has been a full-time writer since 2004. Before writing, she worked for several years as an English and special education teacher. Logan published her first book, "The Secret of Success is Not a Secret," and several education workbooks under the name Darcy Andries. She received her Bachelor of Arts in English and Master of Arts in special education from Middle Tennessee State University.

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