The Language Used to Write Web Pages

by Matthew Ruane

Web page development is accomplished via the use of markup languages such as HTML. Also, languages such as JavaScript and Python, and even Perl, can be used. HTML tells browsers how to display the Web page.

History

Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau (both from a company named CERN) collaborated on a joint proposal in 1990. This proposal, the World Wide Web (W3), was accepted by CERN. Thus, HTML was inspired.

Significance

Every Web page on the Internet has a base coded in a version of HTML. Standing for Hypertext Markup Language, it is the most predominant language used for formatting Web pages aside from CSS.

Types

Aside from HTML, there is also JavaScript, which, despite resembling Java in syntax and feel, is a separate language capable of writing small 2-D games as well as forms.

Considerations

HTML and other markup languages are often simpler to use and learn than other, higher-end OOP languages. They usually have less confusing syntax as is the case with HTML but can also be powerful enough to have a slight degree of difficulty as with JavaScript.

Function

HTML is used to format the data (images and text) of a Web page. Used together with JavaScript, it can be used to create text-based browser games, photo slide shows and music play lists.

References

About the Author

Matthew Ruane is a certified IT technician and writer. His work in information technology has been published through online channels and in print since 2006. Ruane studied computer information systems and network security and administration at Devry University. He holds his A+, Linux+, Network+ and Security+ certifications from CompTIA, and Cisco's CCNA.