How to Make a Simple Audio Amplifier
By David Sandoval
Audio amplifiers are used to amplify sound waves that have been converted into electrical signals. An audio amplifier must amplify the input signal without introducing signal distortion.
One simple type of audio amplifier can be constructed using an integrated circuit called an operational amplifier. An operational amplifier (also known as an \"op-amp\") serves as the active component in the audio amplifier circuit.
Cut five lengths of wire, and strip 1/2 inch of insulation from the ends of each wire. Twist together one of the leads from the 5K? resistor with one end of the first wire, and solder the twisted wire pair to the op-amp output pin (pin 1).
Twist together the free lead on the 5K? resistor to one of the leads on the 1K? resistor, and solder this wire pair to the op-amp inverting input (pin 2). Solder one end of the third wire to the non-inverting input (pin 3).
Solder one end of the fourth wire to the \"V+\" input pin (pin 8) on the op-amp. Attach the other end of the fourth wire to the positive battery terminal. Solder one end of the fifth wire to the \"GND\" pin (pin 4) on the op-amp. Twist together the free ends of the third and fifth wires, and attach the twisted wire pair to the negative battery terminal.
Attach the audio input source to the free lead of the 1K? resistor, and attach the output device (such as a speaker) to the free end of the first wire.
- Georgia State University: Op-Amp Varieties
- Electronic Devices; Thomas Floyd; 1996
David Sandoval has served as a trainer and technical writer since 2000. He has written several articles online in the fields of home improvement, finance, electronics and science. Sandoval has an Associate of Applied Science in microelectronics from Northern New Mexico College.