How to Reference Materials in PowerPoint

By Ryan Menezes

Cited presentations carry more weight than those that merely assert facts.
i projector ready for presentation image by Dmitry Goygel-Sokol from

Reference citations educate your audience and add credibility to your material. A document can provide references using either footnotes or a separate References sections. A presentation can use either method, but the former caters better to your audience, who cannot flip between the body and the endnotes as they can with a printed business report. Though PowerPoint does not create its own footnotes, you can make them yourself using text boxes at the bottom of each page.

Click the text whose reference you want to cite.

Press "Ctrl-Shift-+" to change to superscript mode.

Type a number or symbol at the end of the text to direct the audience to the footnote. For example, type "1," or type an asterisk (*) or a dagger (†).

Click "Insert" in the ribbon and click "Text Box" in the Text group. Drag the mouse over the bottom of the slide to create a new text box.

Press "Ctrl-Shift-+" to enter superscript mode. Type the same symbol that you typed in Step 3, and then press "Ctrl-Shift-+" again to exit superscript mode.

Type your reference using your choice of reference style. To reference material using APA syle, type the author's name, followed by the reference date, title and publication information. For example, a reference may read:

Wempen, F. (2010). PowerPoint bible. Indianapolis, IN: John Wiley and Sons.