How to Defrag Files

by Lucinda Watrous

Every computer gets sluggish after a while and sometimes a quick fix is right in front of you yet many people don't stop to consider it. All you have to do is defragment the hard drive and your system response time will increase. Over time, your computer gets confused as it leaves bits and pieces of files lying around. Defragmenting the computer will put these files back where they belong, opening up storage space, too.

Go to "Start, then "All Programs, then "Accessories.

Select "System Tools" and then "Disc Defragmenter" to start the process.

Choose a disc drive to analyze. This will tell you whether or not the defragmentation needs to be done in the first place. If the program responds and tells you that the drive does not need to be defragmented, you should either close the program, or move to another drive on your system.

Defragment the drive by selecting the drive and clicking defragment. The drive will analyze before defragmenting.


  • check Empty the recycle bin, and delete unnecessary files so that the computer has less to sort through in order to defragment.
  • check If your computer still runs slow, try defragmenting the RAM (see Resources).


  • close Do not run other programs while you are defragmenting the hard drive. This will slow the system down and create more files to move through.

Items you will need

About the Author

Lucinda Watrous is professional freelance writer and web designer. She currently holds an Associate's Degree in Interactive Media Design from the Art Institute of Pittsburgh. She has been freelancing for almost two years and enjoys writing on a variety of subjects such as personal finance, web design, and parenting.

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