Cell Phone Vs. Home Phone

by Elizabeth Jennings

Alexander Graham Bell invented the first telephone in 1875, which was extremely limited in range. Bell Laboratories first introduced cell phone technology for police vehicles in 1947 and Motorola soon followed with an application of that technology to portable devices that could work outside of vehicles. Home telephones, also known as landlines, work via an extensive network of land cables, while cell phones operate through a network of satellites and cell phone towers.

Ease of Communication

Cell phones provide an efficient, convenient way of communicating. They are portable, small and most areas of the country have some type of cell phone coverage. Cell phone users are not restricted to a particular location in order to make calls or perform other tasks available on their devices. Many cellular companies also offer free long distance. The use of home phones, or landlines, is restricted to the location in which the phone hooks up to the network of telephone lines. Companies that service landlines also usually charge for long distance calls. Landlines do not run the risk of dropped calls due to incomplete network coverage, as do cellular phones.

Emergency Safety

A person in need of assistance can make a cell phone call from anywhere -- provided the phone battery is charged, they have network coverage and they are not experiencing interference. Parents sometimes give their children and teens cell phones to carry in case of emergency. Cell phones with global positioning satellite (GPS) technology can provide emergency personnel with the caller's location, but some cell phones do not have this technology. he locations of all landlines are immediately identifiable to emergency dispatch centers. Additionally, because communication is transmitted via land cables, home phones do not run the risk of experiencing interference or dropped calls due to incomplete coverage during an emergency.


Home phones have more limited features than cell phones. They can offer reliable, multiple-line systems, but these are generally only useful for businesses. Cell phones have revolutionized the business and social worlds by allowing users to go online to conduct a multitude of tasks such as getting stock updates, sending emails, playing video messages or texting friends and family.

Health Concerns

In the past decade, some experts have raised concerns over the possible health effects of cell phones, in particular the risk of ear and brain tumors. Cell phone systems send Information over modulated electromagnetic waves, which can produce electromagnetic radiation. While the cell phone industry and government health agencies deny that cancer risks are associated with cell phones, they do acknowledge cell phone usage affects electrical brain activity. These health risks are not associated with landlines.

About the Author

Elizabeth Jennings began publishing creative works in 1988 and has been a professional editor and writer since 2002. She holds a dual Bachelor of Arts in anthropology and philosophy.

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